Are St. Bernards Aggresive?

St. Bernards, with their massive size and gentle eyes, often conjure up images of giant, slobbery dogs, saving lost travelers in snowy mountains. However, behind this stereotypical image, there’s a lot more to know about this magnificent breed. Are St. Bernards aggressive, or are they the gentle giants they’re often made out to be? Let’s dive into understanding the temperament of St. Bernards and how factors like training and environment play a role.
The Innate Temperament of St. Bernards
Historically, St. Bernards were bred for rescue operations in the Swiss Alps. Their calm demeanor, combined with their strong build, made them ideal candidates for such tasks. The very nature of these tasks meant that St. Bernards had to be gentle, patient, and non-aggressive. It’s these traits that they’ve carried forward to this day. Generally speaking, St. Bernards are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They often show loyalty and affection to their families, making them great companions.
St. Bernards with Children and Other Pets
One of the reasons many families consider St. Bernards is their renowned patience and gentleness with children. Their kind temperament makes them ideal family pets. Furthermore, while their size can be intimidating, St. Bernards often get along well with other pets. Of course, due to their sheer size, it’s always a good idea to supervise interactions with smaller animals.
The Role of Training in Shaping a St. Bernard’s Behavior
While St. Bernards have a natural inclination towards gentleness, training is crucial. Proper training from a young age ensures that they grow up understanding boundaries and behaving appropriately, even given their large size.
St. Bernards are intelligent and eager to please, which means they’re generally responsive to training. Consistent, positive reinforcement methods work best. However, because of their size, it’s crucial to instill obedience commands early on, ensuring they don’t become unruly or overly boisterous, which can be mistaken for aggression.
How Environment Influences a St. Bernard’s Temperament
Like all breeds, St. Bernards are influenced by their environment. A loving, stable home where they feel safe is key to their well-being. An environment that exposes them to various stimuli, people, and other animals, especially during their formative puppy years, often results in a well-adjusted adult St. Bernard.
However, a St. Bernard that’s continuously subjected to abuse, neglect, or is deprived of social interactions can develop behavioral issues, including aggression. But it’s essential to understand that such behaviors are more an outcome of circumstance rather than an innate temperament.
Are St. Bernards Protective?
While St. Bernards are generally friendly, they can be protective of their families. This protective instinct shouldn’t be misconstrued as aggression. They may bark or display wariness around strangers but given proper introductions and if they sense no threat, they usually warm up quickly.
Potential Health Issues and Behavior
It’s worth noting that sometimes a St. Bernard’s behavior might be influenced by underlying health issues. For instance, if a St. Bernard becomes suddenly aggressive or irritable, it might be in pain or discomfort. Regular check-ups and being attuned to any changes in behavior can help ensure that your St. Bernard is both physically and mentally healthy.
Conclusion: The Misunderstood Giant
The sheer size of St. Bernards can often lead to misconceptions about their nature. However, those who have had the pleasure of sharing their homes with this breed will attest to their gentle and loving nature. Proper training, a nurturing environment, and an understanding of their history and innate temperament are crucial. With the right care, St. Bernards can indeed live up to their reputation as gentle giants, providing affection, loyalty, and companionship to those lucky enough to have them as part of their family.
Frequently Asked Questions About St. Bernards & Aggression

1. Are St. Bernards naturally aggressive dogs?
No, St. Bernards are not naturally aggressive. Historically bred for rescue operations, their temperament leans towards gentleness and patience. However, like any dog, individual temperaments can vary, and it’s essential to ensure they receive proper training and socialization.
2. How do St. Bernards behave around children?
St. Bernards are renowned for their patience and gentleness with children. Their kind and protective nature makes them ideal family pets. However, due to their size, it’s always good to supervise interactions to prevent accidental injuries.
3. Can an untrained St. Bernard become aggressive?
While St. Bernards are generally gentle, a lack of training can result in undesirable behaviors. Proper training helps them understand boundaries, ensuring they don’t become unruly or overly boisterous, which could be mistaken for aggression.
4. How does the environment influence St. Bernard’s behavior?
St. Bernards thrive in loving, stable environments. When exposed to various stimuli, people, and other animals, especially during their formative years, they tend to be well-adjusted. Conversely, neglect or abuse can lead to behavioral issues.
5. Are St. Bernards protective of their families?
Yes, St. Bernards can be protective of their families. This protective instinct is natural and shouldn’t be mistaken for aggression. With proper introductions and a non-threatening environment, they are usually quick to warm up.
6. Can health issues make a St. Bernard aggressive?
Yes, like all breeds, St. Bernards experiencing pain or discomfort may exhibit irritability or aggression. Regular vet check-ups and monitoring behavior changes can help ensure their well-being.
7. What’s the benefit of adopting a St. Bernard from a rescue or shelter?
Adopting a St. Bernard from a rescue or shelter gives them a second chance at a loving home. These dogs often come with some training and socialization. Adopting also helps combat overpopulation and supports shelters in their mission to save more animals.
8. How should one introduce a St. Bernard to a new environment to reduce aggression?
When introducing a St. Bernard to a new environment, ensure it’s calm and not overwhelming. Gradual introductions to new people, pets, and stimuli can help ease their transition and reduce any potential aggressive behaviors.
9. Are male St. Bernards more aggressive than females?
There isn’t concrete evidence to suggest that male St. Bernards are more aggressive than females. Aggression is usually a result of individual temperament, training, environment, and, at times, health issues.
10. How do St. Bernards fare with other pets?
St. Bernards usually get along well with other pets. However, early socialization is crucial to ensure that they coexist peacefully, especially given their size difference with smaller pets. Proper introductions can prevent misunderstandings and potential conflicts.
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